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Selenium Locators – descendant XPath AXES

Selenium Locators – descendant XPath AXES

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In the previous articles, I have listed the different types of XPath Axes available and explained the following , preceding  , following-sibling ,preceding-siblingparent ,child and ancestor XPath Axes.

In this article, I am going to explain the next XPath Axes i.e. descendant.

descendant XPath Axes select/locate the child and grandchild tags of the current tag in the HTML document.

Let’s get started with the practical demonstration of descendant XPath Axes.

Selenium Locators – descendant XPath AXES

Follow the below steps to practice descendant XPath Axes along with me:

1) Open http://compendiumdev.co.uk/selenium/basic_web_page.html in Chrome Browser, where ChroPath is already installed (Refer ChroPath installation in Chrome Browser here and its usage in Chrome Browser here ) as shown below:

last() XPath Function - Website Launch

2) Open ChroPath in Chrome Browser where ‘Rel XPath’ is selected as shown below:

last() XPath Function - Rel XPath

3) Let’s first locate the ‘html’ tag in this page using the Relative XPath Expression //html

Execute the above XPath Expression in ChroPath and observe that the ‘html’ tag on the page got located as shown below:

descendant XPath AXES - html

4) Now using the above Relative XPath Expression and descendant XPath Axes, let’s create the below Relative XPath expression to locate the ‘title’ grandchild tag of the ‘html’ tag.

//html/descendant::title

Execute the above XPath Expression in ChroPath and observe that it is locating the title tag on the page as shown below:

descendant XPath AXES - html title

5) Now using the above Relative XPath Expression and descendant XPath Axes, let’s create the below Relative XPath expression to locate the ‘head’ child tag of the ‘html’ tag.

//html/descendant::head

Execute the above XPath Expression in ChroPath and observe that it is locating the head tag on the page as shown below:

descendant XPath AXES - html head

6) Now using the above Relative XPath Expression and descendant XPath Axes, let’s create the below Relative XPath expression to locate the ‘body’ child tag of the ‘html’ tag.

//html/descendant::body

Execute the above XPath Expression in ChroPath and observe that it is locating the body tag on the page as shown below:

descendant XPath AXES - html body

7) Now using the above Relative XPath Expression and descendant XPath Axes, let’s create the below Relative XPath expression to locate the ‘p’ grand child tags of the ‘html’ tag.

//html/descendant::p

Execute the above XPath Expression in ChroPath and observe that it is locating the p tags on the page as shown below:

descendant XPath AXES - html p

Here concludes this article.

In the next article, I will explain the advantages of Relative XPath Expression over Absolute XPath Expression.

Next Steps:

  • > To learn more about Selenium, continue to the next post (Click on Next Post link below)
  • > Check complete Selenium Tutorial Contents here (Click here)

Please leave your questions/comments/feedback below.

Happy Learning 🙂

About Me > Arun Motoori

On a mission to contribute to the Software Testing Community in all possible ways.

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